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This is the earliest style of furniture to have been produced natively, with pieces generally dating from around to In the newly-established colonies a variation on this Anglo-Dutch trend developed, characterised by a Baroque aesthetic that featured elaborate turnings, severe curves, contrasts of colour, as well as case pieces with simple flat surfaces and architectural trim.
Commonly used materials included indigenous walnut, oak, pine and maple woods.
Furniture from this period is scarce, both because of its ificant age, and because production at the time was limited — the result of a relatively small population. This style followed the William and Mary period and is named after the English monarch who reigned from to Popular in the American colonies from approximately tofurniture of this era is characterised by a sophisticated fluidity, achieved through the use of the newly introduced cabriole leg, curving chair crests, and decorative shells and volutes, or scroll-like forms.
The expansion of urban centres during the period led to the appearance of strong regional traits. The most celebrated and accomplished furniture was produced in Newport, Rhode Island and Philadelphia, where dense mahogany was used to produce expertly carved chairs, tea tables and high chests of drawers for the emerging elite. The style combined Dating furniture styles elements from three distinct sources: French Rococo, Chinese ornamentation and Gothic architectural details.
In these urban centres, the rise of the upper class had led to the emergence of sophisticated cabinetmaking workshops, employing highly skilled carvers, often trained in England. In Newport, three generations of members of the Dating furniture styles and Townsend families produced furniture of exceptional quality and artistry.
A federal inlaid mahogany demilune card table. Rhode Island, Furniture produced Dating furniture styles this time evolved greatly, both in style and form. Cabriole legs, shaped in two curves, gave way to simplified, straight legs and various inlays, which were favoured over carved ornament. Dressing tables and high chests of drawers disappeared, while new forms such as the sideboard, tambour desk with desktop-based drawers and pigeonholes and worktable were introduced.
A classical carved mahogany and inlaid satinwood work table, New York, The Classical style is the last traditionally collected by Americana collectors, and flourished from to Works from the period were typically greater in size, with makers favouring undecorated, veneered surfaces, which drew inspiration from furniture of the French Restoration period. The country grew from a small, mostly agrarian society to an international industrial powerhouse. As the Dating furniture styles progressed, furniture Dating furniture styles increasingly produced by means of the machine, and not by hand.
Revival styles of the s and s marked the first period in which fine des were used for mass-produced furnishings. The Egyptian Revival style emerged in popularity around the time of the Civil War — a period when American tastes increasingly drew inspiration from Classic and Romantic periods of the past.
Major motifs of Egyptian art such as obelisks, hieroglyphs, sphinxes and pyramids were used in various creative ways. Ebonizing, elaborate carving, elegant detailing and ormolu mounts became the height of furniture fashion, particularly among the firms working in New York, as exemplified in the above Egyptian Revival suite, attributed to renowned New York cabinetmakers Pottier and Stymus.
Pottier and Stymus active specialised in a variety of revival forms, and provided furniture and interiors for William Rockefeller, Leland Stanford and the Grant White House. The last half of the 19th century reveals an even further expansion of revivalism. The Renaissance Revival style appeared as early as Dating furniture styles Inspired by Renaissance architecture, the furniture from this movement was characterized by massive square architectural forms, broken pediments, applied medallions, acorn trim and tapering baluster-turned legs. Porcelain, bronze and mother-of-pearl plaques were popular embellishments.
Walnut was the most popular wood, with some veneer introduced as surface decoration. Light woods were favoured in reaction to the prevailing dark woods of the Empire and Rococo Revival styles. Well-known cabinetmakers of this period include George Hunzinger, German by birth, who was working in New York by the s and whose work shows remarkable mastery of the Renaissance de vocabulary. Other influential makers were John Jelliff in Newark, whose des included sofas and chairs carved with male and female busts. Daniel Pabst, in Philadelphia, frequently collaborated with architect Frank Furness on many of his high-styled pieces to create elaborate and often architectural pieces.
And Thomas Brooks, a Brooklyn native, is known for his extraordinary des of tables, bedroom suites and hall stands. The Aesthetic Movement argued that art was not supposed to be useful in any practical sense. Instead, aesthetic experience is a fully autonomous and independent aspect of a human life.
Aesthetes favoured strong, simple colours: bright blues, greens, and especially yellows. Those colours were used in interiors set off with black furniture, clearly inspired by lacquered wares from Japan. The sunflower was a popular motif because its bold colour and simple shape could be stylised, much like the chrysanthemum of Japanese art. You may also like Related content. The inside track on Outsider Art — the artists to know American Folk and Outsider Art specialist Cara Zimmerman profiles the artists aspiring collectors should know Dating furniture styles. Collecting Guide: 7 key tips on silver Harry Williams-Bulkeley on everything from cutlery to candelabras and sourcing that show-stopping centrepiece.
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