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Ice is a central nervous system stimulant and psychoactive drug that is also known as crystal methamphetamine. Crystal methamphetamine comes in the form of small clear crystals that resemble ice, rather than a powder consistency like powder methamphetamine.
Ice is also sometimes brownish in colour and has a strong or bitter smell and taste. Ice is far more potent than powder methamphetamine and as a result of its potency, it has a very strong effect on the body and can result in substance dependence. The substance is highly addictive, is stronger and causes more harmful side effects than the powder form. Some people consider crystal What does ice look like drug to be the most dangerous and destructive drug available due to the devastating effects it has on the human body.
Methamphetamine is a synthetic chemical made from either the active ingredient pseudoephedrine or ephedrine. Pseudoephedrine is commonly used in cold medicationwhile ephedrine is a stimulant medication used to prevent low blood pressure. To make ice, the pseudoephedrine or ephedrine is mixed with a of chemicals including red phosphorus, hydriodic acidand hydrogen chloride gas. Whilst these chemicals are commonly used during crystal methamphetamine production, up to 32 different chemicals can be involved in the process.
Most of the chemicals used to create ice are highly flammable and volatile, and the process generates toxic fumes that are extremely harmful. Every pound of crystal methamphetamine that is created produces five pounds of toxic materials that can leave buildings uninhabitable and contaminate nearby farmland or water. Ice can be administered in a variety of ways, and the chosen method of administration will affect the time it takes the drug to take effect, the intensity of its effects and the level of risk.
Smoking is the most common method of methamphetamine administration, as it What does ice look like drug be smoked without changing its form. Following smokinginjection intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous administration and snorting insufflation administration are the next most popular choices for ice administration. Some crystal methamphetamine users also opt to administer the drug orally, rectally or vaginally. Methamphetamine was initially created for medical purposes and was therefore developed in pill or tablet form.
Some individuals who abuse ice still opt for this method of administration using manufactured pills. It is also very common for crystal methamphetamine users to create or ingest homemade pills. If an individual chooses to administer ice orally, the effects of the drug will take between 15 and 20 minutes to occur.
Unlike other methods of administration, oral ingestion does not cause an intense rush; rather, it causes a euphoric high that lasts only a few minutes. Usually, ice users do not start by injecting the drug intravenously. Most frequently, individuals who have developed a substance dependence or tolerance will begin intravenously injecting the drug when they no longer feel the same level of intensity when they snort or smoke crystal methamphetamine.
Intravenous administration refers to the injection of crystal methamphetamine directly into a vein. This administration route creates the most intense and immediate high, and some people feel the effects only 10 seconds after injection. Following intravenous administration, people experience an intense rush lasting only a few minutes, followed by an eight-hour adrenaline-fueled energetic high. Intravenous administration is also associated with specific health risks such as infections, vein problems, heart conditions and HIV. Intramuscular administration involves injecting ice directly into the muscle rather than the vein.
Additionally, some ice users accidentally inject the drug into the muscle after missing a vein. This route of administration will result in faster drug effects than smoking or snorting methods, although it is associated with more health risks. Once the substance is injected into the muscle, it must make its way into the bloodstream; however, some of the substance will not find the bloodstream and instead will sit in the tissue.
This frequently causes severe infections and abscesses. The method of subcutaneous injection involves injecting crystal methamphetamine under the skin but not into a muscle or vein. This method is also sometimes called skin popping. Occasionally, subcutaneous administration is accidental and a result of individuals missing a What does ice look like drug. However, many users choose to use subcutaneous methods of injection as, although the effects are less intense, they last much longer. Like other routes of administration that involve an injection, subcutaneous injections leave users at risk of many health complications such as infections, HIV, hepatitis C and immunodeficiency diseases.
Smoke inhalation of ice is the most frequently used method of administration, particularly for new crystal methamphetamine users. The hydrochloride salt of crystal methamphetamine can be smoked through a pipe without altering its form. Smoke inhalation also has specific side effects associated with it, including a condition often referred to as meth mouth, which causes dry mouth and corrodes teeth and gums. As a result of the illicit manufacturing of ice, crystal methamphetamine also contains other ingredients that can be harmful and are present in second-hand meth smoke. Therefore, this route of administration causes negative health impacts to both the user and those around them.
The process of ice insufflation, otherwise known as snorting, involves inhaling ice through the nose. This method of administration allows the drug to be immediately absorbed into the bloodstream through porous nasal cavities. However, this route of administration in a less intense high than other methods. Regardless of the intensity of the high, insufflation of crystal methamphetamine is still extremely dangerous. Alongside the general risks associated with ice, insufflation specifically causes nosebleeds, sinus problems, holes in the septum and damage to the nose lining. Rectal administration of ice, otherwise known as plugging, is a less frequently utilised method of administration, although it is becoming increasingly common.
This method involves inserting the substance into the rectum either using a syringe or through an enema. Individuals use this method to take ice as the anus is considered more absorbent than the mouth or nose, resulting in faster and more intense effects. Users also believe it allows them to avoid adverse side effects such as dry mouth or infections as a result of injections.
However, rectally absorbing ice leaves individuals far more susceptible to overdosing. This is because plugging allows substances to bypass biological responses that guard against overdoses. This method also causes diarrhoea, constipationrectal tears and increased risk of sexually transmitted diseases. In some cases, female crystal methamphetamine users choose to administer the drug intravaginally. This process is similar to the rectal process of plugging, but rather than inserting ice into the rectum, it is inserted into the vagina. In the same way as rectal plugging, vaginal administration involves inserting ice into the vagina using a syringe.
The tissue of the vagina is extremely absorbent, and consequently, the drug reaches the bloodstream at an accelerated rate when this method of administration is used. This method carries similar risks to the rectal administration method, such as an increased risk of overdose and increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV.
The chemical formula of ice is C10H15N, which refers to the fact that every molecule of crystal methamphetamine is made up of 10 atoms of carbon, 15 atoms of hydrogen and one atom of nitrogen. The chemical formula and chemical structure of ice depicts that there is a methyl group -CH3 attached to the side chain of amphetamine. The methyl group protects the amphetamine from degrading and allows methamphetamine to persist within the bloodstream long term and exert the biological effects associated with taking crystal methamphetamine.
Drugs are classified depending on the harm they are considered to cause; the higher the drug class — Class A being the highest — the more serious the punishment or fine. Ice is classified as a Class A drug, which means that somebody caught in the possession of it can be sentenced to up to seven years in prison, and those caught supplying or producing crystal methamphetamine can receive a punishment of up to life in prison and an uncapped fine.
The penalty given to an individual will depend on the of drugs they are found to be in the possession of and whether they intend to take them themselves or distribute the substance. Drugs often have several different names. When a drug is initially created, it is usually given a generic name that refers to its chemical What does ice look like drug or molecular structure, such as methamphetamine. Then, once a drug is approved by government agencies, it is patented and given a brand or trademark name. Drugs may also be referred to by names that are synonymous with their chemical names.
These are usually the names doctors or professionals will use to describe a drug. Some ice users may use the generic, trade or chemical names to refer to crystal methamphetamine, although it is more likely they will use street slang. The street slang used to discuss illicit drugs is coined so that users can discreetly discuss the substance; therefore, there are many street names for ice and the list is constantly growing.
Some of the street names given to crystal methamphetamine may sound silly or not very serious, although they all refer to the same Class A drug. People who are involved in the production or taking of ice also have created street slang to describe someone who is using or high on ice.
Similarly to street names, these phrases have been coined so that users can more secretively or discreetly discuss drug use. There are many terms used to describe illicit drug use, although the most common What does ice look like drug that specifically describe crystal methamphetamine use are:. Being addicted to drugs by definition involves intense cravings for substances, such as prescription medicationalcohol or illicit drugs, and the out-of-control substance abuse.
Some substances have physically addictive qualities, so anyone who decides to take those substances is What does ice look like drug risk of developing a drug addiction. Ice is a highly addictive drug that causes stimulation of the central nervous system, which promotes excessive production of dopamineadrenaline and norepinephrine. Constant or repetitive use of crystal methamphetamine and the combination of chemicals it releases causes a rewiring of the decision-making centre of the brain.
Eventually, the substance causes the brain to use the hindbrain, which controls involuntary actions. Once this has occurred, the brain sees taking ice as something it must do to stay alive, such as breathing. This reaction, combined with a craving for the euphoric effects of ice, is an addiction. Anybody can become addicted to ice once they have decided to start using the substance.
Crystal methamphetamine has biological and psychological effects on the body, which can cause addiction in anyone. However, some people are at a higher risk of becoming addicted to ice as they are more likely to be influenced to take crystal methamphetamine in the first place.
The main risk factors of ice addiction are genetics, social norms, stress, personality factors, availability of the drug and family history. Any of these risk factors alone can lead to crystal methamphetamine addiction, although individuals are more likely to develop an ice addiction if they fall into two or more risk. Many professionals consider addiction to be a hereditary disease. The majority of drug users have a direct relative or family member who also struggles with similar problems. Whilst this is not specific to crystal methamphetamine, once a person is predisposed to engaging in compulsive behaviour that may lead them to take illicit drugs, they are more likely to get involved with ice.
It has also been proven that some people are born a different structure of their central nervous system that causes it to function differently. It is suspected that these individuals are more likely to become involved in drugs.
If a baby is exposed to crystal methamphetamine in utero, their risk of developing an ice addiction ificantly rises. Prenatal exposure to ice can also lead to a What does ice look like drug health conditions. If a young What does ice look like drug begins socialising with people who regularly take drugs, the behaviour becomes normalised, and they are consequently more likely to be convinced to try it themselves. Furthermore, if someone has grown up in an environment where substance abuse and substance dependence is a social norm, they are at a far higher risk of drug addiction.
Ice addiction is particularly common in those who have had exposure to that specific drug through their lives. Teenagers or young people who are experiencing stress at school or at home or feel excluded from their social circle may subsequently resort to taking drugs. Nobody is the same, and every individual has a different combination of personality traits. Some individuals have personality traits such as high compulsivity, sensation-seeking and adrenaline-seeking.
People with these personality traits are often described as having addictive personalities. Certain individuals also have personality traits that make them predisposed to mental health instability such as anxietyapathy, disconnection and obsessive-compulsive traits. An unstable mental state also leaves individuals at a high risk of developing drug addictions such as ice addiction. In some social environments, drugs are scarcely seen What does ice look like drug available, so people who live in these environments are at low risk of developing an addiction.
However, some people grow up surrounded by family members, friends or both who regularly abuse drugs, making illicit substances much more readily available to them. Having a substance widely available increases the risk of addiction ification. Family history and home life play a ificant role in drug addiction risk. People who are exposed to family members or authority figures who are substance dependent are at a heightened risk of drug addiction.
Additionally, if there is a long family history of substance addiction, it is likely that members of the family are predisposed to suffering from addiction due to their genetics, regardless of their environment or social factors. Therefore, an unstable home life impacted by drug addiction is likely to act as a risk factor. Ice is a central nervous system stimulant that causes the brain to release a rush of dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that controls movement, emotion and pain.
Natural levels of dopamine released by exercise or sex can reach around units; other drugs raise the level of dopamine to up to about units, whereas ice can result in a level of 1, dopamine units.What does ice look like drug
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What happens to your body when you use ice?